Located on the southeastern tip of the Korean peninsula, Busan adjoins the South Gyeongsang Province, facing the Straits of Korea to the south, Ulsan Metropolitan City & Yangsan City to the north, and the sea to the east. Busan is located on the same latitude as Tokyo, Japan; Jungshan, China; Algiers, Algeria; and Oklahoma, United States, and is on the same longitude as Verkhoyansk, Siberia; Nakasaki, Japan; and Darwin, Australia.
The first human presence in Busan can be traced back as far as the Paleolithic Age about 15,000 years ago, and they began to settle in earnest in this area from the Neolithic Age. Since the opening of the Busan Port as an International Port in 1876, Busan has continued to make rapid progress meeting requirements as a city. With the opening of the Gyeongbu Line connecting Seoul and Busan in 1905, it was equipped with port facilities such as quays and warehouses. Busan became the capital of the South Gyeongsang Province when the South Gyeongsang Province government was transferred to Busan. During the Korean War in 1950, Busan was the temporary capital of Korea, playing major roles in the functioning of the country. Since it was raised to a jighalsi (a city under the direct control of the government) in 1963, Busan has taken a leading role in the economic development of Korea through the 1970s, and it was elevated to a metropolitan city with the administrative district expansion in 1995. Busan is the first port city and an international cultural tourist city hosting various kinds of events and festivals including the Pusan International Film Festival, Busan Biennale and Busan Fireworks Festival.
Summer starts in late June and ends in early September. With the rainy season beginning in late June, heat waves continue for several weeks with the daily high temperature over 34.5¡É between late July and mid-August.
(Camellia flower & Camellia)
The great combination of the dark green leaves and dark red flowers represents the greenblue sea and the warm spirit of citizenship. The youthfulness and desires of the citizens are symbolized by the lush, deep green leaves of the camellia bush.
Its white body and wings symbolize a "white-clad-race" (the Korean people), and the spirit of citizenship is reflected in its toughness as the seagull rides the stiff sea breezes in all seasons.
The opening of its port in 1876 marked the city's future as a modern international city of trade, commerce and industry, and an important population center. When the Korean War broke out, refugees flooded into Busan from all over the country. Designated as the temporary capital, there was a rapid increase in the city's population. After the war, Busan became a major city and home to more than 3,000,000 people by 1980. As of 2010, there were nearly 3,600,000 citizens in Busan.